CMX Student/Postdoc Seminar

Friday December 4, 2020 1:00 PM

Approximating Operators with Deep Learning

Speaker: Nikola Kovachki, Applied and Computational Mathematics, Caltech
Location: Online Event

Efficiently approximating the solution operators arising from parametric PDE systems

is a challenging task with numerous applications in science and engineering. I will present

two recently proposed approaches for this task in a fully data-driven (non-intrusive)

setting. Both follow the philosophy of first conceptualizing an algorithm on the space of

functions then discretizing only when required for computation. This affords rates of approximation

that are independent of the underlying finite-dimensional space used to discretize the data.

The first approach combines ideas from deep learning and projection-based model reduction,

constructing a neural network which links the latent spaces of the input-output snapshots.

The approximation is shown to converge in the limit of infinite data and reduced dimension.

The second approach generalizes standard neural networks defined on finite-dimensional Euclidean

spaces to infinite-dimensional function spaces by replacing the parameter matrix

with a kernel integral operator. A universal approximation result is proved for this

architecture. Numerically, I will demonstrate the efficacy and robustness to discretization

of both approaches on classes of parametric elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic PDEs

with applications in underground reservoir modeling, the turbulent flow of fluids,

and the deformation of plastic materials.

Contact: Jolene Brink at 6263952813 jbrink@caltech.edu
For more information visit: http://cmx.caltech.edu/